Analysis Of A Documentary

I recently watched Wayne Rooney’s documentary about his life and really enjoyed it. I got a few ideas from the documentary to use in my own. I have analysed the techniques used and the narrative structure to help in my production.

Rooney: The Man behind the Goals


It’s a documentary presented by Gary Lineker which explores Wayne Rooney’s life, featuring extensive interviews with Rooney himself, Coleen Rooney (his wife), and Rooney’s parents, Also, it features Sir Bobby Charlton, David Beckham and Real Madrid’s Cristiano Ronaldo.

It’s a one-off program which was first aired on BBC one at 9pm on the 5th of October 2015. The whole purpose them airing this program was to show football fans how a footballers life planned out and what they would have to go through to make it to top flight football or as professional. In addition, they aired this documentary for entertainment. Overall this documentary was informative as they shared a lot of information with the audience regarding Wayne Rooney. Furthermore, it shows the daily routine of what a footballer would be doing during his day off or outside of football. As seen in the documentary, what Rooney does outside of football is just spend as much as time with his family. You can also see this one-off documentary on BBC IPlayer for a limited time of only 7 days (1 week). The target audience is mainly; football fans, Manchester United fans, England fans. However, people who generally are into football/sports prefer to watch it.


The techniques that were being used in the documentary were archive, interviews, observational and reportage. Archive was being used when they were looking back on Rooney’s achievements, past history and what he had done to make those things happen and they did this by showing shots of him in action e.g. against Fenerbahce on his Champions League debut where he scored a hat-trick. There was plenty of Interviews when people such as Sir Bobby Charlton, Sir Alex Ferguson, Cristiano Ronaldo and this was shown on camera by Gary Lineker and the person who is being interviewed face to face. Furthermore, there was observational techniques used such as long shots, close ups, and the sounds of the fans cheering. Additionally, there was reportage of false rumours regarding that Rooney had handed a transfer request in 2010, but Rooney had denied this and committed his future to Manchester United. This was shown as archive as they looked back on this particular moment with some flashback moments which included him facing the press with at the time manager, Sir Alex Ferguson.

Narrative/narration structure:

It was a voiceover and narrated by Gary Lineker who played a huge role. Gary Lineker was chose to do the interviewing because of many reasons; firstly, he was a footballer himself, experienced (presenting/hosting Match of the day) and he was the third leading goal scorer for England behind Sir Bobby Charlton and Wayne Rooney himself. So it was in both 3rd person as it was just Gary Lineker talking. However, it was in 1st person as a variety of people obviously including Wayne Rooney were being interviewed by Gary Lineker. I chose to analyse the middle part of the documentary and I know that it’s the middle part of the documentary because the documentary is structured chronologically, so it’s giving the events one by and one. For example the documentary starts off with him playing for Everton, then Manchester United and finally for England so it’s basically giving an overview of the teams that he played for and what he had achieved at each stage/club and for country (England).

Is the documentary biased/objective, or subjective?

Personally, I wouldn’t say that this documentary is biased because it’s different players, managers and people who are talking about Rooney’s life and what he has achieved. Also, it wasn’t just Manchester United and England players who were giving their overall of ‘Mr Wayne Rooney’ so critics can’t go on about this being a biased documentary which was just making Rooney look good. Therefore its objective because we see everyone’s opinion. For example when Rooney was explaining the events in the past he had personal feelings e.g. when explaining the red card incident in the 2004 euros he had regrets over that decision of getting sent off and letting his team mates and home nation down. So you can tell that he was annoyed with himself from his facial expressions. Additionally, it was mainly pro-Rooney through the entire documentary (starting at Everton aged 16 all the way to playing for Manchester United at 30 years of age). He started his career as a professional footballer which then secured him to play for one of the biggest teams in the world ‘Manchester United’.


Uses and Purposes Of Audio


Today I did some research on how sound is used in – TV/film – sound – based media (radio/podcasts)

What is the purpose of sound in a moving image product?

  • To create a mood – e.g. sad/slow music: sympathy
  • g. happy, uplifting music
  • Sound effects used in action, e.g. car crash – this is usually added on/enhanced in the edit using Foley.
  • Silence: tension/ suspense
  • Dialogue – story – telling or narration
  • 3rd person dialogue – talking in a “natural” environment, watching their story is the narration
  • 2nd person narration – voiceover – direct story – telling, we can’t see narrator.
  • 1st person: we see a presenter/ narrator who directly addresses us e.g. the news.

Camera Works/Explanation/Components

No matter what device you use, whether this is a mobile phone, compact digital camera or a digital SLR you will be familiar with digital cameras and how to take pictures. There is a variety of different components of camera which include; the lens, shutter, aperture, sensor and the flash. Each component has its own strengths and are important in the way a camera works. For example, each component has its own role.


Starting with the lens, all cameras have lens. The lens is made up of glass and other element. Also, the lens focuses the image on to the digital sensor. After the image that you have taken is stored (in the library of the camera).

Automatic mode: the camera controls the aspects of the photograph

Smart phone – portable and compact.


The pros of using manual mode:

  • Low light– for example if you’re stuck in a situation where you don’t have a lot of light to work with, you can switch to manual mode focusing will be the only way to capture an image.
  • Cost – they are cheaper than using auto mode so if you have a low budget, you will find that you’ll able to do more with manual lenses.
  • Availability – when using manual focus, more things become available to you.

Some situation call for manual focus – If you are shooting macro or portraits and need precise control, manual focus can be your best tool. You can focus on what you want instead of waiting for the camera to find it (and often miss it). This approach will make you photography more efficient. When focusing on something small, an autofocus system cannot always see the intended subject. You have a better chance on focusing on the subject manually. When working with a person, you can focus right on the eye and don’t have to wait for the camera. It makes your workflow a little more productive.

The cons of using manual mode:

  • Subjects and situations when you don’t have time to change settings.
  • When the light on the subject is changing, or the subject is moving from lighter to darker areas.
  • When you only need to control either the shutter speed or aperture for the effect you want.

The pros of using automatic mode:

  • Automatically sets up everything for you – you don’t really have to do anything apart focusing the camera on what you want to capture – it is completely loaded.
  • Automatically adjust to the environment you want.

The cons of using automatic mode:

  • If you’re new to photography, it will take time to figure out the basics like the control and the setting. For example, if you was use to using manual mode you would trouble by the control panel. An auto mode camera is like a map to a tourist who is new to a place. – it takes dedication to figure out.

Capturing images:

  • Lens – Starting with the lens, all cameras have lens. The lens is made up of glass and other element. Also, the lens focuses the image on to the digital sensor. After the image that you have taken is stored (in the library of the camera).
  • Memory – where information and saved data is stores
  • Shutter – there are 2 types of shutter that fit into different parts of the camera.
  • Aperture – a small hole where the lights go through.
  • Viewfinder – allows you to shoot in bright light. However, they use less power than LCD screens.
  • Image sensor – detects and conveys the information that is on the image
  • Lighting:
  1. Exposure– how bright a scene is and how it effects our image. – Over
    2. Quality – how focused or diffuse light is.
    3. Colour – the colour of the light in an image.
    4. Direction – where the light is coming from.
    5. Highlight – the brightest part of the image.
    6. Shadow – the darkest part of the image. – Under
    7. Contrast – The difference between the bright part of an image and the dark part of an image.

8. White balance – allows you to change the colour balance in your pictures.


Tripod – is used to stabilize the camera and put it into place. A tripod consist of 3 three legs and a head on top where the camera is placed.


Hand held – is a filmmaking and video production technique that involves the camera being held in camera operator’s hand.


File storage:

File storage in a camera keeps all the files in a safe and secure place. The size of a camera usually depends on its data size. For example, every camera has a LCD screen, so you view your picture right away.


Facts about Tottenham Hotspur’s new stadium

Today I did some research on Tottenham Hotspur’s upcoming new stadium and found out that the stadium will have the largest single tier in the UK with 17,000 seats. Furthermore, there is going to be an in-house bakery which will be available for all of the fans. Moreover, the club will open a microbrewery which will be able to deliver 10,000 pints per minute which is a ton of fans who will get served really quickly and if you think the stadium is going to have a capacity of 61,000 so all the fans in the stadium will all be served within minutes. The club has stated that the development of the club/stadium will support nearly 3500 jobs. In addition, the stadium will host up to 16 non- football events each year.

Image result for tottenham new stadium

Similar Short Documentaries

Today I watched a couple of short documentaries which are quite similar to what I am trying to create and they really helped me with my own ideas. These particular documentaries are called The Fans Who Literally Built Their Club – Union Berlin and Fulham FC – Craven Cottage, The Fan Experience which showed very good content of what it is to be football fans.

London Live

London Live is a channel which is all about the beloved city of London and it’s famous buildings/monuments. They usually show footage of shops, parks and things that you can do in London. Today I went on the website to learn a little bit more about the channel and what they offer. I found that the company also offers news updates on the weather, live events, travel and you even have people who debate about the features of the city.  The website basically everything you need to know about London. On the website it’s say that you can send your videos to the London Live email and you will have a chance of it going on air so if my documentary is up to scratch I will send it to their website and hope for the best.